Leeds United are the only team to break a century of cautions in England’s top-flight, doing so in the 2021-22 campaign. We look at the records around the most cards in a Premier League season.

When Liam Cooper was given a yellow card in the 84th minute of Leeds United’s Premier League meeting with Brighton on Sunday 16 May 2022, not many people in Elland Road would have realised they’d witnessed history. The majority wouldn’t have cared at the time, either – Leeds were 1-0 down in a vital match to avoid relegation.

Cooper’s caution was the 100th yellow card that Leeds received in the 2021-22 Premier League season and meant that the Yorkshire club became the first team in English top-flight history to be given a century of yellow cards in a single season.

It was fitting that the caution was dished out by Mike Dean – the referee who’s handed out more yellow and red cards than any other in Premier League history. They went on to add one more in their final game against Brentford to make it 101 overall – Kalvin Phillips being the man to be cautioned on that sunny Sunday in west London.

Most cards in a PL season

Leeds’ yellow card tally in 2021-22 was 22 more than the next most – Aston Villa and Newcastle United’s 79 – while it was over double that of Manchester City (42), West Ham United (47) and Liverpool (50). Their three red cards were only beaten by two clubs: Everton (6) and Arsenal (4).

Across the top four tiers in England, Leeds’ tally of yellows was beaten by seven clubs: Barrow (113), Leyton Orient (108), Blackburn Rovers (107), Charlton Athletic (106), Cardiff City (104), Bournemouth (102) and Middlesbrough (102). However, each of those sides played eight league games more than Leeds in 2021-22, so the Premier League club’s average of 2.7 per game was the highest across the top four tiers in England.

The draw with Brighton in their penultimate game of 2021-22 saw Leeds given three yellow cards, with first of which was brandished to defender Junior Firpo.

No player was shown more yellow cards than Firpo in the Premier League that season (11), while only two players have ever picked up more in a single campaign in the competition for the Yorkshire club: Olivier Dacourt (13) in 2000-01 and Lee Bowyer (13) in 1999-00.

Those efforts from Dacourt and Bowyer were one fewer than the Premier League record of 14 in a single season, held by seven players:

Mark Hughes in 1998-99
Robbie Savage in 2001-02
Cheick Tioté in 2010-11
Lee Cattermole in 2014-15
José Holebas in 2016-17
Etienne Capoue in 2018-19
João Palhinha in 2022-23

Whilst Firpo didn’t break the Premier League seasonal record tally in 2021-22, there was much to admire about his personal quest to get as many cautions as possible in his first-ever English league campaign.

He was booked in 11 of his 24 Premier League appearances for Leeds last season (46%) – avoiding a caution in Leeds’s final day meeting with Brentford meant that he was close to receiving a yellow card in exactly half of his games in 2021-22, but we were all cruelly robbed of the feat.

Firpo’s personal yellow card quest isn’t the most impressive in a Premier League season, however.

In 2017-18 Manchester United’s Marcos Rojo was given six yellow cards in the Premier League. There’s nothing exceptional about this at first glance. However, the Argentine only played nine matches and 640 minutes – being cautioned every 107 minutes on average, and in 67% of his appearances.

The 1998-99 efforts of Marc-Vivien Foé are also worth a mention, with the Cameroonian booked in eight of 13 Premier League appearances (62%), while Newcastle United’s former midfielder Cheick Tioté was cautioned 14 times in 2010-11 in just 26 apps (54%). Surprisingly, none of those yellows came following his famous 87th-minute equaliser in the 4-4 draw with Arsenal that season (from 4-0 down).

Leeds’ lack of discipline continued into 2022-23, albeit improved from the year prior. They finished with 87 cards in all, 84 yellow and three red, as they succumbed to relegation back to the Championship.

Wolverhampton Wanderers took the unwanted crown of biggest card collectors last season, with 84 yellows and six reds, putting them in joint-seventh all-time in the Premier League. The worst culprits were Rúben Neves and Nélson Semedo, who accounted for 23 yellow cards between them (12 and 11 respectively), while Semedo also received a red against Brighton in November.

Just imagine how many more that would have been if they had signed Portuguese midfielder João Palhinha instead of Fulham. The former Sporting CP man equalled the most bookings for a single player in a Premier League season with 14 in his debut campaign in England.

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